More on the Jerubbaal Inscription

More on the Jerubbaal Inscription

Chris Rollston, Yosef Garfinkel, Kyle H. Keimer, Gillan Davis, Saar Ganor provide a good overview and details related to the Jerubaal inscription. Here is the full article in PDF format from the open-access and peer-reviewed Jerusalem Journal of Archeology from Hebrew University.

Article Abstract and Citation Information From the Jerusalem Journal of Archeology:

This article presents a Proto-Canaanite inscription written in ink on a jug. It was unearthed in 2019 at Khirbet al-Ra‘i, located 4 km west of Tel Lachish, in a level dated to the late twelfth or early eleventh century BCE. Only part of the inscription had survived, with five letters indicating the personal name Yrb‘l ( Jerubba‘al). This name also appears in the biblical tradition, more or less in the same era: “[Gideon] from that day was called Yrb‘l” ( Judg. 6:31–32). This inscription, together with similar inscriptions from Beth-Shemesh and Khirbet Qeiyafa, contributes to a better understanding of the distribution of theophoric names with the element ba‘al in the eleventh–tenth centuries BCE in Judah.See also: Jerubba‘al, Proto-Canaanite inscription, Khirbet al-Ra‘i

Rollston, C., et al., 2021. The Jerubba‘al Inscription from Khirbet al-Ra‘i:A Proto-Canaanite (Early Alphabetic) Inscription. Jerusalem Journal of Archaeology , 2 , pp. 1-15. Copy at

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